By Peter Kenez
An exam of political, social and cultural advancements within the Soviet Union. The booklet identifies the social tensions and political inconsistencies that spurred radical swap within the executive of Russia, from the flip of the century to the revolution of 1917. Kenez envisions that revolution as a quandary of authority that posed the query, 'Who shall govern Russia?' this question was once resolved with the production of the Soviet Union. Kenez strains the advance of the Soviet Union from the Revolution, throughout the Twenties, the years of the hot financial regulations and into the Stalinist order. He indicates how post-Stalin Soviet leaders struggled to discover how you can rule the rustic with no utilizing Stalin's tools but in addition with no brazenly repudiating the earlier, and to barter a calm yet antipathetic coexistence with the capitalist West. during this re-creation, he additionally examines the post-Soviet interval, tracing Russia's improvement as much as the current day.
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Extra resources for A History of the Soviet Union
Russia has been a multi-ethnic state from its inception. The minorities, which made up half of the population of the empire, greatly differed from one another in economic and cultural development and in degree of national consciousness. As long as the empire was strong, minority nationalism could not threaten the stability of the state. With the exception of the Poles and perhaps the Finns, nationalist aspirations were limited to small circles of people primarily interested in cultural autonomy.
The ﬁrst political crisis came in April. ” The publication of this note in the newspapers caused a storm of indignation. The government’s policy obviously contradicted the announced principles of the The Revolution, 1917–1921 21 leaders of the soviet, who regarded the publication of the note as a challenge. Demonstrators in the streets along with the Petrograd Soviet, forced Miliukov to resign, and Defense Minister Guchkov soon followed him. A new coalition government had to be formed, and it had a different makeup: it included six socialist members, among them Kerensky, who now took the crucial defense portfolio.
The Germans stopped their advance because they realized that any regime imposed on the defeated Russians would require a considerable investment of German troops; they preferred to use their soldiers on the Western front. The second great disappointment for the Bolsheviks was the behavior of the Russian people. According to their understanding the party directed the revolution of the working classes. That revolution was carried out in order to benefit the great majority of the Russian people, the workers and the peasants.
A History of the Soviet Union by Peter Kenez