By Nikolai Krementsov
Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the management of the Bolshevik occasion in the course of its youth, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) used to be a visionary. In technological know-how fiction novels set on Mars, Bogdanov imagined a destiny during which the employees of the area, liberated from capitalist exploitation, create a “physiological collective” that rejuvenates and unites its contributors via ordinary blood exchanges. yet Bogdanov was once now not in simple terms a dreamer. He labored tirelessly to popularize and observe his imaginative and prescient, founding the 1st examine institute dedicated to the technology of blood transfusion.
In A Martian Stranded on Earth, the 1st broad-based ebook on Bogdanov in English, Nikolai Krementsov examines Bogdanov’s roles as innovative, novelist, and scientist, featuring his protagonist as a coherent philosopher who pursued his rules in a variety of venues. during the lens of Bogdanov’s involvement with blood reports on one hand, and of his fictional and philosophical writings at the different, Krementsov deals a nuanced research of the interactions among clinical rules and societal values.
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Additional resources for A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science
In June 1923, Nikolai Kukoverov, a professor of surgery at the Odessa Medical School, proposed the establishment of an institute for research on blood and blood transfusions. 21 After outlining the early history of blood transfusions and the discovery of blood groups, Kukoverov detailed the experiences with blood transfusions gathered during the Great War, which had prompted important developments in the technique and the organization of services for blood transfusion in the West, particularly the United States.
2 Since Tula was an industrial center, renowned for its munitions, bread-Â�making, and metal industries, Bogdanov’s educational efforts focused not on peasants, who were the main target of the populist enlightenment campaign, but on factory workers. He began teaching at workers’ schools and learning circles. This work inspired Bogdanov’s move from populism to Marxism, which considered the proletariat the leading force in the future socialist revolution. In 1897, he published the lectures he had been delivering at workers’ schools as a Short Course of Economic Science, which became the most popular textbook on Marxist political economy in the early twentieth century, with nine printings appearing in as many years (Bogdanov 1897).
Furthermore, two of Bogdanov’s university professors seem likely candidates for advising, inspiring, and encouraging him in this endeavor. 10 Anfimov received his first degree from the St. Petersburg University School of Natural Sciences and a second from the Military-Â�Medical Academy. For several years, he worked as a physician and at the same time prepared a doctoral dissertation on the anatomy and physiology of the central nervous system. In 1887, after the successful defense of his dissertation, he became a lecturer (privat-Â�dozent) at the VMA department of nervous and psychiatric diseases.
A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science by Nikolai Krementsov