Download PDF by N.K. Srinivasa Rao, K.S. Shivashankara, R.H. Laxman: Abiotic Stress Physiology of Horticultural Crops

By N.K. Srinivasa Rao, K.S. Shivashankara, R.H. Laxman

ISBN-10: 8132227239

ISBN-13: 9788132227236

ISBN-10: 8132227255

ISBN-13: 9788132227250

This e-book brings jointly contemporary advances within the quarter of abiotic tension tolerance in a number of greens, fruit vegetation, plantation vegetation and tuber plants. the most demanding situations to bettering the productiveness of horticultural vegetation are the different sorts of abiotic stresses mostly as a result of weather switch on the nearby and international point. warmth, drought, chilly and salinity are the most important abiotic stresses that adversely have an effect on progress and productiveness and will set off a sequence of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular alterations in numerous horticultural vegetation. up to now, there are not any books overlaying horticultural crop-specific abiotic pressure tolerance mechanisms and their administration. Addressing that hole, the e-book is split into 2 sections, the 1st of which highlights contemporary advances within the normal elements of abiotic rigidity tolerance just like the function of hormones, reactive oxygen species, seed remedies, molecular mechanisms of warmth tolerance and heavy steel toxicity, whereas the second one makes a speciality of the abiotic tension tolerance mechanisms of varied greens, fruit plants, plantation plants and tuber vegetation. It contains entire discussions of fruit vegetation like mango, grapes, banana, litchi and arid sector culmination; greens plants like tomato, capsicum, onion and tuber vegetation; and plantation vegetation like coconut, areca nut, oil palm and black pepper. one of the thoughts for plant rigidity survival, examples of either avoidance and tolerance correct to specific plants are tested intimately, supported through chosen accomplished case experiences of growth. As such, the e-book deals a invaluable source fitted to scientists and graduate scholars operating within the fields of crop development, genetic engineering, and the abiotic rigidity tolerance of horticultural vegetation.

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Additional resources for Abiotic Stress Physiology of Horticultural Crops

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Sun et al. (2008) documented that salt stress alters auxin efflux carrier, besides inhibiting PIN2 expression. This shows that like cold stress, salt stress interferes with root gravitropism, an adaptive response to reduce the damaging effects of salt stress (Galvan-Ampudia and Testerink 2011). Xu et al. (2012) illustrated that the soil alkalinity increases auxin transport activity mediated by PIN2. Jung and Park (2011) suggested for a possible cross talk between salinity and auxin mediated by transcription factor NTM2 via IAA30 gene during seed germination.

ABA also evokes alkalization of cytoplasm of guard cells (Irving et al. 1992), which is necessary in the 22 ABA activation of K+ channel (Blatt and Armstrong 1993). Wilkinson and Davies (1997) demonstrated pH reduction induced by ABA in sensitizing stomata for closure, as guard cells take up ABA more efficiently at acidic pH (Anderson et al. 1994). Recent studies also depict that the ABA closes stomata by involving signal transduction molecule like H2O2 (Luan 2002). Likewise, ABA induces production of nitric oxide in guard cells, the increase which negatively regulates ABA signaling in guard cells (Neill et al.

While these natural PGR are distinctive both in chemical characteristics and in exhibiting characteristic responses, each of the PGR has the potential to alter almost all the aspects of plant growth and development to confer stress tolerance. It is documented that the induction in stress tolerance is induced by the manipulations in the concentrations of endogenous PGR under stress conditions by helping plants in many ways. Most of the progresses made in the PGR research especially on plant adaptation to abiotic stresses are the outcome of advances made in the precise analysis of PGR employing powerful and reliable physiochemical techniques as well advances made in molecular and genetic approaches.

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Abiotic Stress Physiology of Horticultural Crops by N.K. Srinivasa Rao, K.S. Shivashankara, R.H. Laxman

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