By way of analyzing and evaluating agricultural rules in India, Indonesia, China, and Vietnam, this research is helping fill an important hole in improvement learn. The record offers an evaluation of conceptual and dimension concerns regarding the results of exchange and domestic-support rules and coverage reforms at the incentives of agricultural manufacturers and provides empirical estimates of the measure of defense or disprotection within the 4 international locations. From India's countercyclical coverage results and Indonesia's excessive degrees of agricultural safeguard, to the rage towards modest help of agriculture in China and Vietnam, the report's effects show either how adjustments in agricultural coverage can increase farmers' incentives as financial progress happens and the way tough it really is to reform entrenched coverage interventions. via such findings, the file contributes to coverage discussions on developing propoor guidelines concerning agricultural help and exchange, either on the household point and in foreign negotiations.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Producer Support Estimates for Developing Countries: Measurement Issues and Evidence from India, Indonesia, China, and Vietnam
Despite its progress, China’s economy also suffers from a series of social and economic problems, including income disparities, unemployment, excessive bureaucracy and corruption, and environmental deterioration. Even facing these constraints, from 1980 to 2004 the average annual GDP growth rate in China was over 9 percent. The average GDP growth rate was highest during 1985–95, increasing substantially compared to the prereform years 1970–78. During the Asian financial crisis, the average growth rate was sustained at 7–8 percent.
10 Exports of major agricultural commodities by China, 2003 Rank in China exports 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rank in world exports Producta Quantity (metric tons) Value (thousands of $) Unit value ($) 2 1 7 1 2 6 1 2 1 1 Maize Crude organic materials Food, prepared nes Fruit, prepared nes Meat, canned chicken Milled paddy rice Vegetables, prepared nes Tea Garlic Beans, dry 16,399,453 8,326 619,743 688,093 158,701 2,456,496 578,249 259,914 1,142,237 946,455 1,766,830 1,255,210 805,975 520,336 463,987 449,268 431,001 367,187 354,903 332,740 108 150,758 1,300 756 2,924 183 745 1,413 311 352 Source: FAO (2006).
4 Imports of major agricultural commodities by India, 2003 Rank in India imports 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rank in world imports Product Quantity (metric tons) Value (thousands of $) Unit value ($) 1 2 8 1 1 1 1 1 4 5 Palm oil Soya bean oil Cotton lint Cashew nuts Peas, dry Beans, dry Pulses nesa Silk, raw and waste Fatty acids, oils Wool, greasy 4,026,436 993,498 241,787 441,500 700,017 486,039 470,588 9,258 338,991 25,728 1,808,277 565,440 333,282 293,884 161,851 154,071 136,421 134,983 118,437 94,308 449 569 1,378 666 231 317 290 14,580 349 3,666 Source: FAO (2006).
Agricultural Producer Support Estimates for Developing Countries: Measurement Issues and Evidence from India, Indonesia, China, and Vietnam by IFPRI