By Na'im Akbar
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A repeated association of one's natural tendencies with painful or negative stimulation leads to a conditioned inhibition of those tendencies in himself and a rejection of similar tendencies in others. , to bring their physical appearance into accord with the social nonn of physical attractiveness. (Some popular race-intelligence theoreticians have equated such imitative behavior of the holders of power as evidence ofthe inherent superiority of the white race. Interestingly enough, these same theoreticians do not concern themselves with such "anomalies" as white efforts to produce melanin via sun tanning).
European fate control. Predictably, the literature shows African Americans to be consistently in the pathological or abnormal direction along these individualistic dimensions. Blacks show higher tendencies of interdependence, dependence and internal fate control. The mutual reliance and cooperation (that has a natural ecological parallel in all dimensions of nature) is viewed as patilOlogical dependence when African Americans are (invariably) compared with Euro-Americans. The consistently strong faith in a Supreme Being and belief in a systematic and orderly universe by African people 36 The Aji'ocentric Paradigm throughout the Diaspora is viewed as "low internal fate control" by the psychologists, "superstitious behavior" by anthropologists, pagan practices or pantheistic by theologians and a variety of other pejorative descriptions by other social scientists.
The model detennines the answers of your research in that it predetennines what will be seen when the investigation begms. ~m;the all~( ark, et als, I . The method detennmes how to look. The method, predetennined by the model dictates how the questions are going to be answered. The method is selected as an instrument of the pre-established model. Contrary to the usually more objective view of research methodology the emphasis here is that the model precedes the search detennined by the qualities pursued and it is selected to identifY those qualities to~lusion of other sets of qualities.
Akbar Papers in African Psychology by Na'im Akbar