By Alberdina Houtman
This examine explores the potential of utilizing variation readings of the Targum of the Prophets to get well perception into the starting place and background of Targum Jonathan. The booklet comes in handy for the learn of the genesis of Targum Jonathan and its later advancements.
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Additional info for Alternative Targum Traditions: The Use of Variant Readings for the Study in Origin and History of Targum Jonathan
Sitz im Leben There is, of course, a close connection between the reason for existence of a certain work and its sociological setting. However, where the reasons for existence are fixed, though not retrievable with certainty, the sociological settings may differ in the course of time. At this point we pass over the later developments and concentrate on the settings in the rabbinic period. 115 See also Fraade, ‘Rabbinic Views’, 284. 116 A. ’, REJ 160 (2001), 247–64. 1. 118 Apart from this external evidence, there is also the internal targumic evidence.
For the Hebrew object marker אתthe fragments have once ( על16:20), and leave it twice unrendered (16:21). This fragment is too small to say anything definite concerning its translational style. The fact, however, that even in this tiny fragment there are cases of changed word order and words that have been left unrendered, seems to place this Aramaic version of Leviticus in the same category as the Qumran Aramaic version of Job. B. Background to the Targums The next item we want to discuss briefly in this introductory chapter is the background to the Targums.
53. 55 Z. Frankel, Zu dem Targum der Profeten, Breslau 1872, 39–40; P. Z. B. 52–53; L. Díez Merino, ‘Procedimientos targúmicos’, in: V. Collado-Bertomeu & V. Vilar-Hueso (eds), II. Simposio Bíblico Español (Córdoba 1985), Valencia & Cordoba 1987, 461–86, esp. C. de Moor, ‘Multiple Renderings in the Targum of Isaiah’, JAB 3 (2001), 161–80. 56 M. O’Connor, Hebrew Verse Structure, Winona Lake 1980, 122–27, 401–4; Smelik, ‘Translation and Commentary in One’, 256. preliminary issues 21 to preserve two different readings of the source text.
Alternative Targum Traditions: The Use of Variant Readings for the Study in Origin and History of Targum Jonathan by Alberdina Houtman