By James G. Hollandsworth Jr.
In the summertime of 1866 racial tensions ran excessive in Louisiana as a constitutional conference thought of disenfranchising former Confederates and enfranchising blacks. On July 30, a procession of black suffrage supporters driven via an indignant throng of antagonistic whites. phrases have been exchanged, photographs rang out, and inside mins a rebel erupted with unrestrained fury. while it was once over, a minimum of forty-eight men—an vast majority of them black—lay lifeless and greater than 2 hundred were wounded. In An Absolute bloodbath, James G. Hollandsworth, Jr., examines the occasions surrounding the disagreement and gives a compelling examine the racial tinderbox that was once the post-Civil warfare South.
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Additional info for An Absolute Massacre: The New Orleans Race Riot of July 30, 1866
Wells's action followed the provisions of the 1864 constitution and thus gave evidence of his com- 31 An Absolute Massacre positions of power they had enjoyed before the war. 13 Wells's drift toward the conservative end of the political spectrum and Johnson's lenient stance toward former Confederates caused the Unionists who favored a gradual reconstruction of the South to reconsider their quarrel with the Radicals. Universal male suffrage had been the major issue separating the two sides, but it had become apparent that the immediate enfranchisement of black males would be the only way the gradualists could hope to regain control of the state's political machinery.
P. Dostie; or, The Conflict in New Orleans (New York: Wm. P. Tomlinson, 1868), 181-83,190-92; New Orleans Daily Picayune, March 29, April 9, May 9,1865; New Orleans Daily True Delta, May 11,1865; New Orleans Tribune, May 12,1865. For Kennedy's reputation as a slavery advocate, see George S. Denison to Salmon P. Chase, May 9, 1863, March 21,1865, in Chase, "Diary and Correspondence," 2:387, 457; see also McCrary, Lincoln and Reconstruction, 310-11; Ripley, Slaves and Freedmen, 183; Summers, "Moderates' Last Chance," 54-55; Tunnell, Crucible of Reconstruction, 96; Vandal, "New Orleans Riot," 80.
8 Wells made these changes while Banks was in Washington consulting with Lincoln. When Banks returned to New Orleans in April 1865, he used his military authority to dismiss Mayor Kennedy and named his own man, Samuel M. Quincy, as acting mayor. Quincy quickly reestablished control over the 6. A. P. Field to Banks, November 20,1865, Banks Collection; T. P. May to Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz, September 6, 1865, Michael Hahn to Schurz, September 6, 1865, both in Carl Schurz Papers, LC; McCrary, Lincoln and Reconstruction, 308.
An Absolute Massacre: The New Orleans Race Riot of July 30, 1866 by James G. Hollandsworth Jr.