By Robert B. Ewen
Meant as an top point undergraduate and/pr graduate point textual content for classes on theories of character, character conception, character, or psychology of character. It offers an creation to the guidelines of crucial character theorist
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 6th Edition
When the infant touches itself, it also experiences the sensation of being touched, which does not happen with other objects. And the infant’s body is a source of pleasure (and pain) that cannot be taken away, unlike the bottle at feeding time. The images produced by the id cannot reduce drives or satisfy biological needs, since these images are only mental pictures of what the infant wants. However, the maturing child makes an important discovery: the environment contains objects that can satisfy the demands of the id.
A knowledgeable sailor may react with signal anxiety to a cloud on the horizon because it indicates the approach of a hurricane, or a satiated infant may grow upset at the mother’s departure because it has learned that becoming hungry in her absence will mean frustration and discomfort (Freud, 1926/1963j, pp. 76–77; 1916–1917/1966, p. 394). Such realistic anxiety may cause the pedestrian to ﬂee or call for help, the sailor to batten down the hatches, and the child to try to get its mother to stay by crying.
102. See also Freud, 1900/1965a, p. 267; 1933/1965b, p. 17; 1916–1917/1966, p. 217; 1940/1969a, p. ) Self-punishment dreams satisfy a wish of the superego. An illicit id impulse strives for gratiﬁcation, and the superego responds by causing the ego to feel guilty. The punishment dream alleviates this unpleasant emotion, thereby serving as an extraordinary sort of compromise between the three components of personality (Freud, 1900/1965a, pp. 514 n. 1, 596ff; 1933/1965b, pp. 27–28). The Language of Dreams.
An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 6th Edition by Robert B. Ewen