Download e-book for kindle: Ancient Greek Agriculture: An Introduction by Signe Isager, Jens Erik Skydsgaard

By Signe Isager, Jens Erik Skydsgaard

ISBN-10: 0415001641

ISBN-13: 9780415001649

The preliminary concentration of old Greek Agriculture is firmly at the paintings of agriculture right, the instruments and the approach, the vegetation cultivated and the animals reared. Thereafter, Isager and Skydsgaard concentrate on the location of agriculture within the society of gods and males within the Greek city-states . The arguments of historic Greek Agriculture are bolstered by means of the book's shut adherence to modern Greek resources, literary in addition to archaeological, averting using later in addition to Roman fabric.

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In the first place dead branches must be removed, but with Androtion20 as his source Theophrastus states that myrtle and olive are the trees that require harder pruning than any other trees except the vine. The importance of pruning for fructification is emphasized. Androtion is also quoted to show that olive and myrtle should be fertilized and watered. 1). This forces them to grow downwards. Unfortunately, Theophrastus does not tell us how often the olive tree should be pruned. 7) he mentions that the vine should be pruned every year, other trees every other year and others again only every fourth year.

It is mentioned elsewhere that in Macedonia and in Thessaly you plough in the beans while they are still in bloom for the soil to be improved. It is quite plain that Theophrastus does not know the capacity of the pulses to absorb and store nitrogen from the air, and the use of this form of soil improvement appears to be still on an experimental level, whereas it is fully developed in Roman agriculture. In turn, this raises the question of whether in Greece there was a tendency towards abandoning the two-field system with its alternating fallow and crop in favour of a three-fielded system with rotation of crops, for example, grain – pulse – fallow.

The pits are spread with the droppings from the birds and therefore have a very favourable chance to grow, and when the tree has reached a suitable size of from 3 to 5 feet in height, it is grafted. In many cases, the farmer has stemmed the tree when passing by. Naturally, such wild trees thrive very favourably outside the cultivated area, that is, in the maquis which is used for grazing of sheep and goats. The advantage of this form of propagation is evident. Before being grafted the tree has taken root and is in full growth; therefore, you can avoid watering it during its first year, a work which can be extremely cumbersome in a mountainous terrain far from the nearest supply of water.

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Ancient Greek Agriculture: An Introduction by Signe Isager, Jens Erik Skydsgaard

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