By Paula Kempchinsky, Roumyana Slabakova (auth.), Paula Kempchinsky, Roumyana Slabakova (eds.)
The learn of the linguistic reflexes of element has been an energetic box of analysis in a variety of sub-disciplines of linguistics, equivalent to syntax, semantics (including discourse idea) and acquisition stories. even though, conversation and dissemination of effects throughout those a number of subfields has usually been oblique. the several angles introduced jointly supply us a accomplished photo of the illustration of element within the mind/brain of the speaker.
The papers during this quantity symbolize the result of a workshop at the syntax, semantics and acquisition of element held in 2002 whose function used to be to foment lively cross-disciplinary verbal exchange. the various papers learn the syntactic illustration of lexical or state of affairs element, whereas others specialise in the syntactic interplay of lexical point with grammatical element, and of grammatical point and annoying. different papers study the position of point in discourse representations, whereas a 3rd team of papers stories on result of empirical reports at the acquisition of point in either first and moment language acquisition, and styles of lack of morphosyntactic reflexes of point in language attrition.
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Extra resources for Aspectual Inquiries
3. 1. Subject Splits A subject split language is one that does not mark all subjects alike. For example, some subjects receive nominative Case, while others do not; or some subjects trigger agreement, while others do not; or some subjects are in a designated position, while others are not. We have observed two kinds of subject splits: (i) subject splits based on animacy, or more specifically person and (ii) subject splits based on thematic role, specifically agent vs. non-agent. e. the agent. This follows from the definition of an agent as the event participant that launches, initiates, or acts to perform the event, and the observation that prototypical agents are highly animate.
3. The Syntax of Topic-Prominent Languages Rizzi (1997) proposes that the complementizer layer of a clause consists of several distinct projections, including a Topic Phrase (TopP). TopP is optional, occurring only when needed, and its head, Top, checks no phi or Case features. According to Rizzi, topic-comment structure is simply a kind of "higher predication," a predication within the Comp system; Top lacks inherent semantic content. Some consequences of Rizzi's theory of topic are that not all clauses contain TopP, topics must mergelmove to Spec, TopP before spell-out, and there are no topic splits parallel to subject and object splits.
In Ritter & Rosen (2001) we proposed that in object split languages, definite direct objects are specified for a formal quantization feature ([Quant]) which must be checked against the [Quant] specification of the head of the FP. Here we propose that Asp differs from Agr-0 in that only the former may have an interpretable [Quant], indicating that the predicate denotes a delimited event. If AspIAgr-0 includes [Quant], only a definite direct object will be able to check its features by raising to Spec, AspIAgr-0.
Aspectual Inquiries by Paula Kempchinsky, Roumyana Slabakova (auth.), Paula Kempchinsky, Roumyana Slabakova (eds.)