Assurance: An Austinian view of Knowledge and Knowledge by Krista Lawlor PDF

By Krista Lawlor

ISBN-10: 0199657890

ISBN-13: 9780199657896

Claiming to grasp is greater than creating a document approximately one's epistemic place: one additionally bargains one's insurance to others. what's an insurance? during this ebook, Krista Lawlor unites J. L. Austin's insights in regards to the pragmatics of assurance-giving and the semantics of data claims right into a systematic complete. The imperative subject within the Austinian view is that of reasonableness: attract a 'reasonable individual' common makes the perform of assurance-giving attainable, and we could our wisdom claims be real regardless of ameliorations in sensible pursuits and war of words between audio system and hearers. Lawlor offers an unique account of the way the Austinian view addresses a few problems for contextualist semantic theories, resolves closure-based skeptical paradoxes, and is helping us to tread the road among acknowledging our fallibility and skepticism.

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172–3). 34 THE SPEECH ACT OF ASSURANCE knowledge is factive, when what one claims to know is false, then likewise the proposition that one has knowledge of the thing in question will also be false. So the point carries through: one may be justified in assuring, despite the fact that one’s claim to know is false. One’s assuring, as an act, might be justifiably undertaken despite these kinds of falsehood. If what one claims to know is not the case, that affects one’s assuring as a performance, and Austin agrees that one’s performance is in such instances criticizable in some terms or other.

Unfortunately, Jack’s assuring fails against the standard for such an act. It is incorrect. As Thomson notes, we should distinguish among possible kinds of evaluation we might make of actions. ’, even if his assuring is incorrect. Thompson stresses that we need to keep varieties of normative assessment distinct. This is consonant with Austin’s point—being incorrect is a standing possibility, but this standing possibility is ‘no bar’ against being justified in offering assurances. Correctness is not all we might want from an assurance, and incorrectness not all we might seek to avoid.

Were we to suppose that ‘I know’ is like ‘I christen’, and functions as a performative, we would suppose that knowledge claims are, for Austin, neither true nor false. 28 Admittedly, at times Austin speaks in ways that suggest as much. For instance, Austin writes, ‘To suppose that “I know” is a descriptive phrase, is only one example of the descriptive fallacy . . ’29 To properly understand Austin’s view about knowledge and knowledge claims, however, we must take note of Austin’s whole view, and especially keep in mind how his thinking evolves.

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Assurance: An Austinian view of Knowledge and Knowledge Claims by Krista Lawlor

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