Download PDF by Tim McDaniel: Autocracy, Modernization, and Revolution in Russia and Iran

By Tim McDaniel

ISBN-10: 1400861624

ISBN-13: 9781400861620

What did the Russian revolution of 1917 and the Iranian revolution of 1978-1979 proportion along with their drama? How will we evaluate a revolution led through Lenin with one encouraged through Khomeini? How is a revolution dependent totally on the city operating classification just like one based to an important measure on conventional teams just like the bazaaris, small craftsmen, and spiritual scholars and preachers? opting for a particular path to modernity--autocratic modernization--Tim McDaniel explores the dilemmas inherent within the efforts of autocratic monarchies in Russia and Iran to remodel their international locations into smooth commercial societies.

Originally released in 1991.

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Additional info for Autocracy, Modernization, and Revolution in Russia and Iran (Princeton Legacy Library)

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Wilfred C. Smith, On Understanding Islam (The Hague: Mouton, 1981), 108-9. 44 Hamid Enayat, Modern Islamic Political Thought (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982), 22. 43 HISTORICAL LEGACIES 39 erarchy responded to the challenge of modernization. Whereas the consolidation of the Muscovite state and Peter's state-building efforts entailed the creation of a formalized and hierarchical church organization, the religious hierarchy in Iran, though somewhat more structured beginning in the late nineteenth century, remained plural and somewhat amorphous.

Although the constitutionalist reforms did enjoy the sympathy of some reformist government officials, they evoked only hostility from the new shah, Muhammad AIi Shah. Although the reforms conceded by the Russian tsars were also precarious, they left a much more substantial institutional residue than in Iran. It was in part for this reason that liberalism, based on the belief in nonrevolutionary political reform, weak as it was in Russia compared with that in Europe, was still far stronger than in Iran.

Progress in Peter's Russia was undeniable. New directions were taken in industry, administration, science and technology, education, military science, and a host of other fields. But many of his changes, initiated by the state, could not permeate society, and they often aroused opposition, sometimes active, more often passive. In the end, they mainly affected the elites of Russian society, and they delayed or even hindered the more fundamental task of the creation of a society founded on individual and group initiative.

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Autocracy, Modernization, and Revolution in Russia and Iran (Princeton Legacy Library) by Tim McDaniel


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