Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language by Rens Bod PDF

By Rens Bod

ISBN-10: 157586150X

ISBN-13: 9781575861500

Over the last few years, a brand new method of linguistic research has began to emerge. This procedure, which has emerge as recognized less than numerous labels akin to 'data-oriented parsing', 'corpus-based interpretation' and 'treebank grammar', assumes that human language comprehension and creation works with representations of concrete earlier language reports instead of with summary grammatical principles. It operates through decomposing the given representations into fragments and recomposing these items to investigate (infinitely many) new utterances. This ebook exhibits how this common procedure can observe to varied forms of linguistic representations. Experiments with this strategy recommend that the efficient devices of common language can't be outlined by way of a minimum algorithm or rules, yet must be outlined by way of a wide, redundant set of formerly skilled buildings. Bod argues that this end result has vital outcomes for linguistic idea, resulting in a completely new view of the character of linguistic competence.

Show description

Read or Download Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language PDF

Similar semantics books

Creative Compounding in English: The Semantics of by Réka Benczes PDF

Metaphorical and metonymical compounds – novel and lexicalised ones alike – are remarkably plentiful in language. but how will we make certain whilst utilizing an expression equivalent to land fishing with the intention to talk about steel detecting, the referent might be instantly understood whether the hearer had now not been formerly accustomed to the compound?

Paula Kempchinsky, Roumyana Slabakova (auth.), Paula's Aspectual Inquiries PDF

The examine of the linguistic reflexes of element has been an energetic box of study in a number of sub-disciplines of linguistics, equivalent to syntax, semantics (including discourse conception) and acquisition reports. in spite of the fact that, conversation and dissemination of effects throughout those a number of subfields has usually been oblique.

Constructionalization and Constructional Changes by Elizabeth Closs Traugott PDF

Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale enhance an method of language switch in response to development grammar. development grammar is a thought of symptoms construed on the point of the word, clause, and intricate sentence. before it's been typically synchronic. The authors use it to reconceptualize grammaticalization (the strategy through which verbs like 'to have' lose semantic content material and achieve grammatical features, or notice order strikes from discourse-prominent to syntax-prominent), and lexicalization (in which idioms turn into mounted and complicated phrases simplified).

Download e-book for kindle: The Cambridge Handbook of Formal Semantics by Maria Aloni, Paul Dekker

Formal semantics - the medical examine of that means in typical language - is likely one of the so much basic and original parts of linguistics. This guide bargains a entire, but compact consultant to the sphere, bringing jointly examine from quite a lot of world-leading specialists. Chapters comprise assurance of the historic context and origin of up to date formal semantics, a survey of the diversity of formal/logical ways to linguistic which means and an summary of the main components of analysis inside present semantic conception, extensively conceived.

Extra resources for Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language

Example text

2. Current implementations of SLTAG only take into account the probability of a derivation (cf. Resnik 1992; Schabes 1992), and not the probability of a resulting tree (so-called "derived tree"). This seems statistically suboptimal, since, like in STSG, the probability of a derivation is different from the probability of a tree (see Schabes & Waters 1996). Thus, current instantiations of SLTAG are based on the assumption that the statistical dependencies coincide with the linguistic dependencies of the underlying competence model.

Thus, there can be significant dependencies that go beyond the statistical relations between constituent head words. 6). 6. g. in constructions like An obvious rule to everybody, John has a faster computer than Peter, Smoke an occasional cigarette, etc. 5 Open questions There are still several problems to be solved regarding the relations between stochastic grammars. So far, we have only designed the contours of a Formal Stochastic Language Theory which allowed us to formally compare STSG with SCFG.

Proposition 1 For every STSG there exists a weakly stochastically equivalent SCFG. 2 This definition follows Booth (1969), Fu (1974), Levelt (1974), Wetherell (1980), Fujisaki et al. (1989) and Jelinek et al. (1990). FORMAL STOCHASTIC LANGUAGE THEORY / 29 Proof of Proposition 1 Given an STSG G, we convert every elementary tree t e R into a contextfree production root(t) —» frontier(t). This may lead to multiple occurrences of the same production, since different elementary trees may have the same root and frontier.

Download PDF sample

Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language by Rens Bod


by James
4.4

Rated 4.51 of 5 – based on 28 votes