Judith A. Carney's Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the PDF

By Judith A. Carney

ISBN-10: 0674004523

ISBN-13: 9780674004528

Few americans determine slavery with the cultivation of rice, but rice used to be an important plantation crop throughout the first 3 centuries of payment within the Americas. Rice followed African slaves around the center Passage in the course of the New international to Brazil, the Caribbean, and the southern usa. by means of the center of the eighteenth century, rice plantations in South Carolina and the black slaves who labored them had created the most ecocnomic economies on the earth.

Black Rice tells the tale of the real provenance of rice within the Americas. It establishes, via agricultural and ancient proof, the important value of rice in West African society for a millennium earlier than Europeans arrived and the slave alternate all started. the traditional trust that Europeans brought rice to West Africa after which introduced the data of its cultivation to the Americas is a basic fallacy, one that succeeds in effacing the origins of the crop and the position of Africans and African-American slaves in moving the seed, the cultivation abilities, and the cultural practices precious for developing it within the New international.

during this bright interpretation of rice and slaves within the Atlantic international, Judith Carney finds how racism has formed our historic reminiscence and missed this severe African contribution to the making of the Americas.

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Extra resources for Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the Americas

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Valentim Fernandes (c. 1506–1510) recorded the first description of rice cultivation along tidal floodplains: “From Cape Vert until here there are two rainy seasons and two rains each year. ”26 Encounters 17 Here rice was submerged by tidal flow. Fernandes’s account confuses the presence of two harvests with two rainy seasons; the climatological and historical record shows that this part of Senegal, then as now, only experiences a single rainy season in the months from May/June to September/October.

Over this same century, rice emerged in North America as the leading export crop of coastal South Carolina and Georgia. Prized in European markets for its high quality, Carolina rice served as the global standard for evaluating the types of rice systems encountered in different parts of the world at the end of the eighteenth century. ”57 What he failed to know was that it had been, and since ancient times. 2 Rice Origins and Indigenous Knowledge Rice cultivation by irrigation and rice cultivation by submersion— this is the difference between Asian and African civilizations.

Attributing the sophisticated irrigated system to Portuguese tutelage in later centuries failed to question how they came by this presumed knowledge, nor did it accord with mariner accounts. Along the coast south of the Gambia River to Sierra Leone, a distance of about five hundred miles, rice proved so abundant that Portuguese ships routinely purchased it for provisions, often from the nonstratified rice-growing ethnic groups like the Baga, with whom they initiated an early trade in indigo. When English privateer, buccaneer, and slaver John Hawkins raided an island offshore Sierra Leone in 1562 and 1564, one chronicler recounted: “The Samboses had inhabited there 3 yeeres before our coming thither, and in so short space have so planted the ground, that they had great plentie of mill [millet], rise [sic], rootes, pompions, pullin, goates .

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Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the Americas by Judith A. Carney

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