By Jeanne Linden
Ny kingdom division of overall healthiness, Albany. present and authoritative reference at the dangers and risk-preventing options of blood transfusions. Compiles facts at the reactions, immunological issues, and strength for disorder transmission with regards to blood transfusions in a wide context.
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Extra info for Blood Safety and Surveillance
Blood centers to address the effectiveness of donor-screening procedures, including revised donor information brochures, the use of an AIDS information video, and the use of a set of behavior-oriented direct questions asked orally by the health historian. This study strongly suggested that the use of direct, behaviororiented oral questions led to a statistically significant increase in donors deferred for HIV risk behavior (63). A second study, performed by the American Red Cross, compared deferral rates in three groups, each of approximately 4000 donors, using direct behavior-oriented questions, indirect comprehension questions, and more generalized written interview questions; this study reached a similar conclusion with regard to the benefit of direct oral questioning (74).
E. New Variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease New variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (nvCJD) is a fatal, degenerative neurological disease newly discovered in the United Kingdom in 1996 (120b). To date, approximately 12 cases occur annually in the United Kingdom and only two cases have been detected outside the United Kingdom (120c). The etiological agent of nvCJD is the same agent that causes bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) (120d). The spread of the agent from cattle to humans and the detection of the nvCJD prion in lymphoid tissue has raised concerns that nvCJD could be transmitted by blood transfusion (120c–120e).
6). At the time there were no available data to indicate that more explicit questioning might result in deferral of an increased number of high-risk persons; indeed, one hypothesis was that direct questioning about a person’s sexual orientation might lead to untruthful answers because of concerns about maintaining the confidentiality of information (6,12). A more direct approach also posed the possibility of embarrassing or offending potential blood donors. In the late 1980s, the donor interview process was reevaluated based upon information obtained from interviews with HIV-seropositive donors and the recognition of a much more open societal attitude towards discussing issues of sexual orientation and sexual behavior.
Blood Safety and Surveillance by Jeanne Linden