By Jonathan Harris
This new edition of Byzantium and the Crusades offers a fully-revised and up-to-date model of Jonathan Harris's landmark textual content within the box of Byzantine and crusader history.
The booklet deals a chronological exploration of Byzantium and the outlook of its rulers throughout the time of the Crusades. It argues that one of many major keys to Byzantine interplay with Western Europe, the Crusades and the crusader states are available within the nature of the Byzantine Empire and the ideology which underpinned it, instead of in any generalised hostility among the peoples.
Taking contemporary scholarship under consideration, this new version comprises an up-to-date notes part and bibliography, in addition to major new additions to the text:
• New fabric at the function of non secular changes after 1100
• an in depth dialogue of monetary, social and non secular adjustments that happened in 12th-century Byzantine family with the west
• In-depth insurance of Byzantium and the Crusades throughout the thirteenth century
• New maps, illustrations, genealogical tables and a timeline of key dates
Byzantium and the Crusades is a crucial contribution to the historiography through a massive student within the box that are supposed to be learn by means of an individual drawn to Byzantine and crusader background.
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Additional info for Byzantium and The Crusades (2nd Edition) (Crusader Worlds)
In Armenia, the Seljuk Turks were raiding across the border while in southern Italy the Normans were slowly conquering the Byzantine provinces of Apulia and Calabria. The situation worsened as the century went on, especially in Asia Minor. A treaty made with the Seljuk Turks in 1055 failed to stem the raids which struck ever deeper into the Byzantine eastern provinces. In 1058 the city of Melitene was sacked, and Sebasteia suffered the same fate shortly afterwards. Six years later, the Seljuk sultan Alp Arslan (1063–72) captured Ani, the old capital of the Armenian kingdom before its annexation by the Byzantines some 20 years before.
The Byzantines were flexible enough to allow them to make this vow according to their own customs. When a contingent of Turks pledged loyalty to Nikephoros III, for example, they did so by crossing their hands on their chest which was presumably what they were 34 BYZANTIUM AND THE CRUSADES used to doing. 50 These then were some of the methods that the rulers of Byzantium employed with a view to achieving the two all-important aims of their foreign policy. Next it needs to be established how successful they were in the pursuit of those aims.
While the famous ‘Bulgar-Slayer’, Basil II, did finally conquer Bulgaria and incorporate it into the empire in 1018, such drastic action was very unusual. The Byzantines were generally content to accept an acknowledgement of the emperor’s suzerainty and this they received during the ninth and tenth centuries from the rulers of the small Balkan princedoms to the north. In 874, for example, a Serbian embassy arrived in Constantinople, probably with a view to making an alliance. A court official who recorded the event interpreted it in through the prism of Byzantine ideology.
Byzantium and The Crusades (2nd Edition) (Crusader Worlds) by Jonathan Harris