Collective Beings - download pdf or read online

By Gianfranco Minati

ISBN-10: 0387355413

ISBN-13: 9780387355412

ISBN-10: 0387359419

ISBN-13: 9780387359410

With collective behaviors enjoying a basic position in lots of clinical and technical disciplines, COLLECTIVE BEINGS focuses its realization on socio-economic purposes for use, for instance, to extend company profitability and productiveness. To this finish, the e-book offers the reader with deep insights into smooth conceptual instruments of economic climate in line with systemics.

In the ebook, collective behaviors are proven through platforms composed of person elements or brokers. furthermore, COLLECTIVE BEINGS illuminates the interaction among system and individual in a striking new approach: their collective beings supply upward push to platforms having really various habit, particularly that of the gang and that of the person agent. The authors constantly take some of the points into consideration - for example, the elements of 1 approach can be concurrently the elements of one other procedure in addition. They tension the significance of cognitive types utilized by the interacting brokers, of the function of the observer and of the dynamic use of many cognitive types. the concept that of being digital in contradistinction to being real is tested, and the position of moral agreements is underlined, in addition to a cautious dialogue of alternative ideas of ethics in addition to their relation to caliber. Systemics is considered as a cultural framework crossing disciplines and the ultimate result's a booklet coined through a profound humanitarian perspective, during which the authors country that frequently 'technological recommendations are designed for difficulties instead of for individuals having those problems.'

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28). This way of introducing the concept of system is based on the concept of set, but without using the formalization introduced in set theory. The simultaneous usage of the concepts of relationship and interaction, as well as the reference to emergence is particularly interesting. The concept of set has been metaphorically used in other approaches and ways of introducing systems. The metaphorical usage refers both to the common properties of the elements considered and to their grouping, considered as components having relationships and interactions between them.

Before proceeding some terminological definitions will be made, starting from the frequently used word Reductionism, an approach which attempts to describe every entity as a set, or a combination, of other simpler, smaller, basic component entities. Within this approach each feature of a given entity is considered as reducible to the features of its component parts. As will be seen below, this approach can be classified as anti-systemic, as it excludes the concept of emergence (see Appendix 1).

B) via formalization (Mesarovic, 1968; 1972) The idea was to first define concepts verbally, then define them axiomatically by using the minimal mathematical structure. The Background to Systemics 19 Let us recall that the Cartesian Product, after Rene Descartes (15961650), of two sets A and B is a set containing all possible ordered combinations of one element from each set: A x B = {(a, b) | a in A, b in B}. This definition can be extended to products of any number of sets. Obviously, A x B # B x A.

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Collective Beings by Gianfranco Minati


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