By K. Wadekin
A desirable comparative learn of ways the rural adventure of the Soviet Bloc has formed and occasionally hindered improvement within the remainder of the communist global, this e-book examines the agrarian rules of China, Mongolia, Vietnam, and Cuba, and offers an account of agricultural improvement in socialist economies which makes a speciality of either the ancient and modern features of this improvement.
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Extra resources for Communist Agriculture: Farming in the Far East and Cuba
There is also the Liushi market for electric appliances, etc. This commercial network is completely beyond State control. ), etc. These enterprises’ financing is totally independent too. The budgeted State aids and the loans from the Agricultural Bank and Credit Co-operatives amount to less than 15 per 39 Communist agriculture: the Far East and Cuba cent of the circulating funds used by this industry (Cheng SL, 1987). 9 Thus, these industrial or commercial enterprises are representative of a true small rural capitalism, even if there are only a few dozen ‘great families’, realizing hundreds of thousands, even millions of yuans in turnover.
This recent move is, quite obviously, the direct consequence of the decollectivization process, as peasants needed to regain their decisionmaking autonomy in order to be free to take up their off season nonagricultural activities. It is also the result of government’s political will, with the promulgation in 1984, by the State Council and Party Central Committee of two circulars (Nos 1 and 4) which proved to be crucial: they permitted the peasants to settle in the small towns for work, they eased the administrative procedures for the creation of new workshops and services, they opened new credit lines for business, etc.
Then, instead of a massive rural exodus drawing the best elements of the countryside out of the villages, they favour a progressive urbanization built on the development of small towns, in symbiosis with the surrounding villages. In this scheme, an agricultural exodus would take the place of the rural exodus, the peasants ‘leaving the fields without leaving the countryside, entering the workshops without migrating to the cities’ (litu bu lixiang, jinchang bu jincheng; Wang XM, 1985). The rural industrialization, which would be the very basis of such an urban development, would then escape the heavy investments of urban infrastructures; it would stimulate the utilization of local resources and in particular the on-the-spot transformation of agricultural products.
Communist Agriculture: Farming in the Far East and Cuba by K. Wadekin