Read e-book online Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-Based PDF

By M. A. K. Halliday, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen

ISBN-10: 0826451527

ISBN-13: 9780826451521

This article explores how humans construe event. this implies adventure as a source, as a possible for knowing, representing and performing on fact. it's by way of this strength that the details of lifestyle are interpreted: they make experience simply because they're instantiations of this capability. the development of expertise is mostly considered wisdom, having the shape of conceptual taxonomies, schemata, scripts and so forth. The authors provide an interpretation that's complementary to this, treating event now not as realizing yet as which means; and as a result as anything that's construed in language. In different phrases, the fear is with the construal of human adventure as a semantic approach; and because language performs the valuable function not just in storing and changing event but additionally in construing it, language is taken because the interpretative base. the point of interest of the ebook is either theoretical and descriptive. the main descriptive part is an account of the main basic positive aspects of the ideational semantics of English, that's then exemplified in conventional textual content varieties (recipes and climate forecasts).

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Extra resources for Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-Based Approach to Cognition (Open linguistics series)

Example text

According to this view, it is the grammar itself that construes experience, that constructs for us our world of events and objects. As Hjelmslev (1943) said, reality is unknowable; the only things that are known are our construals of it — that is, meanings. Meanings do not 'exist1 before the wordings that realize them. They are formed out of the impact between our consciousness and its environment. 3 Semogenesis We need, therefore, a further guiding principle in the form of some model of the processes by which meaning, and particular meanings, are created; let us call these semogenic processes.

The list above could also be extended: thus it would be relevant to consider feature structures, typed feature structures, and fuzzy logic. The 'typed feature structure' system, which is widely used in NLP, is not so much an alternative to the systemic representation, but rather an additional representational level that could be inserted between the theoretically informed systemic representation and the lower level of program code (cf. the work on representing systemic functional information in typed feature structures reported in Bateman & Momma, 1991).

5). 1 below). Meaning is realized stratally in two cycles (see Figure 1-1 above). We have noted that the first cycle, the realization in lexicogrammar, is natural, in the sense of being nonarbitrary: for example, the grammatical constituency structure of a clause provides a natural representation of the semantic configuration of a process, participants and circumstances. By attending to grammatical representations, we can thus learn a good deal about the more abstract organization of meaning at the higher stratum of semantics.

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Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-Based Approach to Cognition (Open linguistics series) by M. A. K. Halliday, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen

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