By David D. Songstad, Jerry L. Hatfield, Dwight T. Tomes
This quantity examines the interrelated fields of nutrients safeguard, strength safeguard and sustainable agriculture because the key to a solid worldwide agricultural platform and is prepared in six elements. the 1st half is targeted on coverage concerns in terms of nutrients and effort defense and sustainable agriculture. The authors from this half contain Former below Secretary of Agriculture Gale Buchanan, Former lower than Secretary of power Raymond Orbach (Chapter 1), Stephen Hughes, Bryan Moser and William Gibbons (Chapter 2) and Thomas Redick (Chapter 3). half II addresses soil and water, that are of the most important parts in safe and sustainable nutrition construction. Authors from this half are Jerry Hatfield (Chapter four) and Mahbub Alam, Sharon Megdal et al. (Chapter 5). The 3rd half covers sustainable and safe nutrition construction particularly addressing genetically transformed qualities in bankruptcy 6 (James McWilliams) and omega-3 fatty acids in bankruptcy 7 (Jay Whelan et al.). Agronomic implications relative to foodstuff safety and sustainable agriculture are defined partly IV. Authors contain Ravi Sripada, Pradip Das et al. (Chapter 8), Duska Stojsin, Kevin Matson and Richard Leitz (Chapter nine) and S.H. Lee, David Clay and Sharon Clay (Chapter 10). overseas sustainable agriculture and meals safety is addressed partly V with authors Jeff Vitale and John Greenplate (Chapter 11), Julie Borlaug et al. (Chapter 12) and Sylvester Oikeh et al. (Chapter 13). the ultimate half covers using chemical compounds in sustainable agriculture and food/energy safety with Leonard Gianessi and Ashley Williams speaking the function of herbicides and Harold Reetz emphasizing the significance of fertilizers either in maximizing crop yields to keep up a sustainable safe resource for meals production.
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Extra resources for Convergence of Food Security, Energy Security and Sustainable Agriculture
Biotechnol Adv 25(3):294–306 Dauenhauer PJ, Dreyer BJ, Degenstein NJ, Schmidt LD (2007) Millisecond reforming of solid biomass for sustainable fuels. 21cks. CE Delft. Commissioned by: The International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT). 21 Ethanol Producer Magazine (2014) Ethanol plants. com/plants/map/. Cited 9 Mar 2014. Federal Register (2010) Regulation of fuels and fuel additives: changes to renewable fuels program, Final Rule 40 CFR 80; 75 FR 14670. pp 14670–14904. gov/a/ 2010-3851. Cited 9 Mar 2014 Gallagher BJ (2011) The economics of producing biodiesel from algae.
Algae store chemical energy in the form of biological oils, such as neutral lipids or triglycerides, when subjected to stresses such as nutrient deprivation (Wijffels and Barbosa 2010). The oil can be extracted from the organisms and converted into biodiesel by transesterification with short-chain alcohols such as methanol or ethanol (Chisti 2007). Research and demonstration programs are being conducted worldwide to develop the technology needed to commercialize algal lipid production. For example, Arizona State University has an ongoing project working to generate biodiesel from lipids produced by a photosynthetic cyanobacterium (Arizona State University 2014).
These traits make the microorganism well suited for growth using flue gas effluent from power plants or CO2 from ethanol plants as a carbon source before release into the atmosphere. Cyanobacteria and algae can also use agricultural runoff water contaminated with fertilizers as a fixed-nitrogen source when it is available. This renewable solar energy-to-biofuels approach is well suited to arid regions with high levels of sunlight. Biofuel production from cyanobacterial photobioreactors should be scalable to a point where it represents a major source of carbon-neutral fuel within the next 10–15 years (Arizona State University 2014).
Convergence of Food Security, Energy Security and Sustainable Agriculture by David D. Songstad, Jerry L. Hatfield, Dwight T. Tomes