By Étienne Hainzelin (auth.), Étienne Hainzelin (eds.)
How can cultivated plant biodiversity give a contribution to the transformation and the "ecologization" of agriculture in Southern nations? in line with huge box paintings within the Southern international locations, loads of medical development is gifted in all components affecting agriculture (agronomy, plant breeding and crop security, cultivation platforms, etc.) in an effort to accentuate the ecological procedures in cultivated plots and on the scale of rural landscapes.
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Additional info for Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture
3 Haut Conseil des biotechnologies, comité scientifique, 2011. pdf (retrieved: 6 April 2013). org/nr/land/land-policy-and-planning/en/ (retrieved: 6 April 2013). 32 É. Hainzelin and C. Nouaille areas is a major issue in some regions where it is not possible to expand the area available for cultivation. Some areas suffer from acute water scarcity. The withdrawal of water from lakes and rivers, of which 70 % is used in agriculture, has doubled since 1960. Deforestation itself leads to a decrease in regional precipitation.
Tomatoes, maize, beans and potatoes were introduced to Europe in the sixteenth century. The English, French, Dutch, Spaniards, Portuguese and Danes all stepped up their efforts to successfully ‘acclimatize’ these new species, which soon changed profoundly the landscape of European agriculture. But many species collected were not always cultivable in European climates, and the territories conquered in the tropics were instead asked to grow them. Thus sugar cane, native to New Guinea and grown in the Pacific, was spread across the New World.
The MEA thus recognizes landscape diversity and ‘ruggedness’ as one of the services provided by ecosystems. Finally, we can report that the effects of farming practices and landscape structuring on species depends on the latters’ mobility. Mobile species are the ones most sensitive to landscape fragmentation, whereas sessile or sedentary species are particularly sensitive to farming practices on the plot and their migrations will occur over much longer timeframes. Various in-depth studies have compared different options for structuring the landscape for an ecological intensification of agriculture.
Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture by Étienne Hainzelin (auth.), Étienne Hainzelin (eds.)